REFERENCES


Agriculture Statistics: Pesticide use (most recent) by country

NationMaster.com

 

The IMARES (Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies) dossier on Silent Snow.

This dossier contains valuable background information on transport, accumulation and effects of contaminants in the Polar Regions.

 

NEW REPORT IS FIRST TO QUANTIFY HEALTH IMPACTS FROM WORLD’S WORST TOXIC POLLUTION PROBLEMS

New York, NY--November 9, 2011--A new report released today by New York-based Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland identifies the top ten toxic pollution problems and sources. The report also calculates, for the first time, the health impacts of toxic sites.

 

'Chemicals, Environment, Health' - A Global Management Perspective (2011)

Edited by Philip Wexler, Jan van der Kolk, Asish Mohapatra, Ravi Agarwal.

The book ‘Chemicals, Environment, Health’ gives a complete overview of the current situation regarding the international instruments and methods for the management of chemicals. It describes all international instruments and the international organisations active in this field and their roles and responsibilities. It contains the implementation status in a number of countries and regions. It also shows what has ben achieved and where major endeavors are still necessary.
It gives examples of all continents, from China to Chile, via Africa, Europe, North and South America. Contributions come from Academia, Policy makers, Industry, Civil Society Organisations. It describes the history since the first UN Conference on Environment and Development in Stockholm, 1972, till now and an outlook to the next 10 years. It is written by a team of authors from all continents.

New study: Imidacloprid also dangerous for humans, especially for the developing brain

Nicotine-Like Effects of the Neonicotinoid Insecticides Acetamiprid and Imidacloprid on Cerebellar Neurons from Neonatal Rats

 

 

Arctic:

 

Arctic pollution:The dirtiest clean place on earth

GEMINI, research news from NTNU and SINTEF

"Environmental pollution from three continents finds its way to the Arctic – and into the animals that live there."

 

Speech by Ms. Sheila Watt-Cloutier, President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (Canada) at the Briefing on POP's at the United Nations 2001

Inuit Circumpolar Council

"In the mid 1980's researchers from Laval and McGill universities found, to their surprise, elevated levels of PCB's and other POPs in the breast milk of Inuit women in northern Quebec and southern Baffin Island. How was this possible? Where were the contaminants coming from? How could Inuit -hunting, fishing, and gathering thousands of kilometres from any industry-ingest POPs?"


Environmental contaminants and human health in the Arctic
Jens C. Hansen

Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aarhus, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, Bldg. 260, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark

"Monitoring of human exposure to persistent organic pollutants POPs and heavy metals have taken place since 1994 in a circumpolar study conducted under the Arctic monitoring and assessment programme (AMAP). The study has confirmed that Arctic populations relying on marine food (Inuit) have an exposure level of POPs and methyl mercury related to the amount of traditional food eaten (...) there is a need for dietary advice to Arctic peoples so they can make informed choices concerning the food they eat."

 

Latin America:

Increase use of pesticides in Costa Rica. "According to research by the Regional de Estudios en Sustancias Txicas (IRET) – Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, shows that the use of agrochemicals has elevated without growing the agricultural areas."

 

Controlling Malaria in Mexico Using Alternatives to DDT

IDRC Canada

"Public health experts in Mexico, in collaboration with the nation's Malaria Control Programme (MCP), are introducing new strategies to prevent malaria outbreaks — without the help of DDT."

 

Mystery kidney disease in Central America

By Kate Sheehy PRI's The World - BBC News

What the men in his area have in common is they all work in farming. So Dr Orantes thinks a major cause of their kidney damage is the toxic chemicals - pesticides and herbicides - that are routinely used here in agriculture.

 

Thousands of sugar cane workers die as wealthy nations stall on solutions

By Sasha Chavkin and ronnie Greene - iwatchnews.org

 

Epidemic of Kidney Failure in Sugar Industry Workers of Guanacaste
By Marcel Evans - Costa Rica Star

 

Africa:

Pesticide use among smallholder rice farmers in Tanzania

Nadja Stadlinger, Aviti J. Mmochi, Sonja Dobo, Emma Gyllbäck and Linda Kumblad

Environment, Development and Sustainability

Volume 13, Number 3, 641-656, DOI: 10.1007/s10668-010-9281-5

"In an interview study conducted among smallholder rice farmers in Rufiji, Tanzania coastal mainland, and in Cheju, Zanzibar, farmer’s pesticide use and risk awareness were assessed."

 

As an Insecticide Makes a Comeback, Uganda Must Weigh Its Costs

By JOSH KRON- New York Times.

 

India:

Pakistan's cotton farmers reap health benefits from using less pesticide.

The Guardian, UK

"Better Cotton Initiative works with producers, international retailers and not-for-profit groups to better manage crops."


Periyar river's pollution is Eloor's bane

"A people's Right Declaration Convention held on September 17, 2006, at Eloor — a small island on the Periyar river — in Kerala, which has been identified as one of the toxic hotspots in the world, came down heavily on the Kerala State Pollution Control Board (kspcb) for failing to check the indiscriminate discharge of hazardous effluents into the river by 250 factories in the Udyogamandal industrial estate."

 

Additional:

Pesticides, genes combine to up risk of Parkinson's

Reuters

"It (DDT) is infamous for threatening bird populations by thinning eggshells, and has also been linked to increase risks in humans of diseases such as cancer and Parkinson's -- an incurable and often deadly brain disease."

 

 

 










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