REFERENTIES

 

Agriculture Statistics: Pesticide use (most recent) by country

NationMaster.com

 

Het IMARES (Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies) kennisdossier over Silent Snow

In dit dossier vindt u uitgebreide achtergrondinformatie over transport, ophoping en effecten van vervuilende stoffen in de poolstreken.

 

16 November 2011 - Giftige stoffen kosten miljoenen mensen twaalf jaar van hun leven

ARGUS, Belgie

"Het zijn niet in de eerste plaats natuurlijke ziekten maar wel giftige stoffen in het milieu die ons ziek maken en onze levensduur verkorten. Giftige stoffen als lood, kwik, chroom, radio-isotopen en pesticiden zijn het werk van de mens."

 

'Chemicals, Environment, Health' - A Global Management Perspective (2011)
Edited by Philip Wexler, Jan van der Kolk, Asish Mohapatra, Ravi Agarwal.
Het boek ‘Chemicals, Environment, Health’ geeft een compleet overzicht van de stand van zaken met betrekking tot internationale instrumenten en methoden voor het beheer van chemicaliën. Het beschrijft alle internationale instrumenten en de betrokken internationale organisaties en hun rollen en verantwoordelijkheden en de doorwerking van de instrumenten in verschillende landen en regio's. Het laat zien wat bereikt is en waar nog flinke inspanningen nodig zijn. Het bevat voorbeelden uit alle continenten, van China tot Chili, via Afrika, Europa en Noord- en Zuid Amerika. Met bijdragen van wetenschap, beleidsmakers, industrie en niet-gouvernementele organisaties. Ook bevat het de geschiedenis vanaf de eerste VN Conferentie over duurzame ontwikkeling in Stockholm in 1972 en een vooruitblik voor de komende 10 jaar. Het boek is geschreven door een team van auteurs van alle continenten.

New study: Imidacloprid also dangerous for humans, especially for the developing brain

Nicotine-Like Effects of the Neonicotinoid Insecticides Acetamiprid and Imidacloprid on Cerebellar Neurons from Neonatal Rats

 

Nederland:

Experts eisen onderzoek naar gebruik bestrijdingsmiddelen.

Bestrijdingsmiddelen kunnen gevaar opleveren voor het zenuwstelsel van ongeboren baby's en jonge kinderen en mogelijk leiden tot onvruchtbaarheid, snellere veroudering en Alzheimer. "Bestrijdingsmiddelen zijn met name schadelijk voor kinderen die nog in ontwikkeling zijn", zegt kinderarts Sauer van het UMC Groningen.

 

Noordpool:

 

Arctic pollution:The dirtiest clean place on earth

GEMINI, research news from NTNU and SINTEF

"Environmental pollution from three continents finds its way to the Arctic – and into the animals that live there."

 

Speech by Ms. Sheila Watt-Cloutier, President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (Canada) at the Briefing on POP's at the United Nations 2001

Inuit Circumpolar Council

"In the mid 1980's researchers from Laval and McGill universities found, to their surprise, elevated levels of PCB's and other POPs in the breast milk of Inuit women in northern Quebec and southern Baffin Island. How was this possible? Where were the contaminants coming from? How could Inuit -hunting, fishing, and gathering thousands of kilometres from any industry-ingest POPs?"


Environmental contaminants and human health in the Arctic
Jens C. Hansen

Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aarhus, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, Bldg. 260, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark

"Monitoring of human exposure to persistent organic pollutants POPs and heavy metals have taken place since 1994 in a circumpolar study conducted under the Arctic monitoring and assessment programme (AMAP). The study has confirmed that Arctic populations relying on marine food (Inuit) have an exposure level of POPs and methyl mercury related to the amount of traditional food eaten (...) there is a need for dietary advice to Arctic peoples so they can make informed choices concerning the food they eat."

 

Latijns Amerika:

Increase use of pesticides in Costa Rica. "According to research by the Regional de Estudios en Sustancias Txicas (IRET) – Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, shows that the use of agrochemicals has elevated without growing the agricultural areas."

 

Controlling Malaria in Mexico Using Alternatives to DDT

IDRC Canada

"Public health experts in Mexico, in collaboration with the nation's Malaria Control Programme (MCP), are introducing new strategies to prevent malaria outbreaks — without the help of DDT."

 

Mystery kidney disease in Central America

By Kate Sheehy PRI's The World - BBC News

What the men in his area have in common is they all work in farming. So Dr Orantes thinks a major cause of their kidney damage is the toxic chemicals - pesticides and herbicides - that are routinely used here in agriculture.

 

Thousands of sugar cane workers die as wealthy nations stall on solutions

By Sasha Chavkin and ronnie Greene - iwatchnews.org

 

Afrika:

Pesticide use among smallholder rice farmers in Tanzania

Nadja Stadlinger, Aviti J. Mmochi, Sonja Dobo, Emma Gyllbäck and Linda Kumblad

Environment, Development and Sustainability

Volume 13, Number 3, 641-656, DOI: 10.1007/s10668-010-9281-5

"In an interview study conducted among smallholder rice farmers in Rufiji, Tanzania coastal mainland, and in Cheju, Zanzibar, farmer’s pesticide use and risk awareness were assessed."

 

As an Insecticide Makes a Comeback, Uganda Must Weigh Its Costs

By JOSH KRON- New York Times.

 

India:

Pakistan's cotton farmers reap health benefits from using less pesticide.

The Guardian, UK

"Better Cotton Initiative works with producers, international retailers and not-for-profit groups to better manage crops."


Periyar river's pollution is Eloor's bane

"A people's Right Declaration Convention held on September 17, 2006, at Eloor — a small island on the Periyar river — in Kerala, which has been identified as one of the toxic hotspots in the world, came down heavily on the Kerala State Pollution Control Board (kspcb) for failing to check the indiscriminate discharge of hazardous effluents into the river by 250 factories in the Udyogamandal industrial estate."

 

Overig:

Pesticides, genes combine to up risk of Parkinson's

Reuters

"It (DDT) is infamous for threatening bird populations by thinning eggshells, and has also been linked to increase risks in humans of diseases such as cancer and Parkinson's -- an incurable and often deadly brain disease."

 


 

 










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